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HSLS Systematic Review Program

Designing and Conducting a Systematic Review

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2011. Finding What Works in Health Care: Standards for Systematic Reviews. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Higgins J.  Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Second edition. Wiley-Blackwell.

Shamseer L, et al. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015: Elaboration and Explanation. BMJ. 2015 Jan 2;350:g7647. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g7647.

Reporting a Systematic Review

How to Properly Use the PRISMA Statement

Page MJ, et al. The PRISMA 2020 Statement: an Updated Guideline for Reporting Systematic Reviews. BMJ 2021;372:n71

Page MJ, et al. PRISMA 2020 Explanation and Elaboration: Updated Guidance and Exemplars for Reporting Systematic Reviews. BMJ 2021;372:n160
Beller EM, et al. PRISMA for Abstracts: Reporting Systematic Reviews in Journal and Conference Abstracts. PLoS Med. 2013;10(4):e1001419. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001419.
Rethlefsen ML, et al. PRISMA-S: an Extension to the PRISMA Statement for Reporting Literature Searches in Systematic Reviews. Syst Rev. 2021 Jan 26;10(1):39. doi: 10.1186/s13643-020-01542-z.
Campbell M, et al. Synthesis Without Meta-analysis (SWiM) in Systematic Reviews: Reporting Guideline. BMJ. 2020 Jan 16;368:l6890. doi: 10.1136/bmj.l6890

Additional guidance may be found by searching the PRISMA website or the EQUATOR Network.

Reporting Other Types of Review

Tricco AC, et al. PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Oct 2;169(7):467-473. doi: 10.7326/M18-0850. Epub 2018 Sep 4. PMID: 30178033.
Additional topic-specific reporting standards can be found on the PRISMA Extensions page.

Critical Appraisal

A List of Critical Appraisal Tools

DistillerSR Critical Appraisal Tool Templates

McGowan J, Sampson M, Salzwedel DM, Cogo E, Foerster V, Lefebvre C. PRESS Peer Review of Electronic Search Strategies: 2015 Guideline Statement. J Clin Epidemiol. 2016 Jul;75:40-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2016.01.021. Epub 2016 Mar 19.