Every formula you ever needed (almost) to calculate rates and ratios.
Lesson 1: Introduction to Epidemiology defines key terms/concepts that are used in the study of distribution, and determinants.
Module 3: Measures of Risk covers:
"Social determinants of health (SDOH) are the conditions in the environments where people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks."
Social determinants of health can be broken out broadly into 5 domains:
Social vulnerability refers to the potential negative effects on communities caused by external stresses on human health. Such stresses include natural or human-caused disasters, or disease outbreaks. Reducing social vulnerability can decrease both human suffering and economic loss. The CDC/ATSDR Social Vulnerability Index (CDC/ATSDR SVI) uses 15 U.S. census variables to help local officials identify communities that may need support before, during, or after disasters.
A shortage designation identifies an area, population, or facility experiencing a shortage of health care services. There are several types of shortage designations:
This is the official glossary of the US Census Bureau although there is an additional glossary that expands on geographic terms as well.
This glossary supplements the primary or "official" glossary of the US Census Bureau.
Formerly FIPS codes (Federal Information Processing Standards), these are standardized codes used to designate geographic areas such as states, counties, Census tracts and Census blocks. States are designated by a 2-digit code; Pennsylvania is 42. Counties within the state receive a 3-digit odd number starting with 001, 003, 005, etc. The state code is attached to the county code. For example, Allegheny County, PA is 42003.
A geographic information system (GIS) is a framework for gathering, managing, and analyzing data. Rooted in the science of geography, GIS integrates many types of data.
It analyzes spatial location and organizes layers of information into visualizations using maps and 3D scenes. With this unique capability, GIS reveals deeper insights into data, such as patterns, relationships, and situations.
Provider: Office of Disease Prevention & Health Promotion, US Department of Health & Human Services
Years available: 2020 to most current available
Geographic Level: State and National level data
Section 1886(d) of the Social Security Act specifies that a classification system (referred to as DRGs) be established for inpatient discharges and adjust payments under the IPPS based on appropriate weighting factors assigned to each DRG.
The Kessner Index is a measure of adequacy of prenatal care based on the month when prenatal care began (which trimester), gestational age, and the number of prenatal visits.
Prenatal care is considered "adequate" if care begins in the first trimester with 9 or more visits over a 36 week or more pregnancy. Prenatal care is considered "intermediate" or includes 5 to 8 visits for a 36-week pregnancy. It is "inadequate" if it begins in the third trimester or includes 4 or fewer visits for a pregnancy of 34 or more weeks (Prenatal Care: Reaching Mothers, Reaching Infants. Institute of Medicine, 1988 ). Many organizations have stopped using it, but you may still see references to it in some of their documentation.