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Publicly Available Sources of Data for Health & Social Determinants of Health

Data Glossary

Health Data Rates & Formulas

Every formula you ever needed (almost) to calculate rates and ratios.

Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice: Module 1, 3rd ed (CDC)

Lesson 1: Introduction to Epidemiology defines key terms/concepts that are used in the study of distribution, and determinants.

Module 3: Measures of Risk covers:

  • Section 1: Frequency Measures
  • Section 2: Morbidity Frequency Measures
  • Section 3: Mortality Frequency Measures
  • Section 4: Natality (Birth) Measures
  • Section 5: Measures of Association
  • Section 6: Measures of Public Health Impact

Determinants of Health (World Health Organization)

Topics covered:

  • What are the determinants of health?
  • How does evidence-based approach work within health impact assessment?
  • What are examples from the transport sector?
  • What are examples from the food and agriculture sector?
  • What are examples from the housing sector?
  • What are examples around waste management?
  • What are examples from the energy sector?
  • What are examples from the industrial sectors?
  • What are examples around urbanization?

Social Determinants of Health (ODPHP Healthy People)

"Social determinants of health (SDOH) are the conditions in the environments where people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks."

Social determinants of health can be broken out broadly into 5 domains:

Social Vulnerability Index (CDC & Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR))

Social vulnerability refers to the potential negative effects on communities caused by external stresses on human health. Such stresses include natural or human-caused disasters, or disease outbreaks. Reducing social vulnerability can decrease both human suffering and economic loss. The CDC/ATSDR Social Vulnerability Index (CDC/ATSDR SVI) uses 15 U.S. census variables to help local officials identify communities that may need support before, during, or after disasters.

Workforce Shortage Areas (US Health Resources & Services Administration)

A shortage designation identifies an area, population, or facility experiencing a shortage of health care services. There are several types of shortage designations:

Census glossary (US Census Bureau)

This is the official glossary of the US Census Bureau although there is an additional glossary that expands on geographic terms as well.

Geography Glossary (US Census Bureau) 

This glossary supplements the primary or "official" glossary of the US Census Bureau.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

Formerly FIPS codes (Federal Information Processing Standards), these are standardized codes used to designate geographic areas such as states, counties, Census tracts and Census blocks. States are designated by a 2-digit code; Pennsylvania is 42. Counties within the state receive a 3-digit odd number starting with 001, 003, 005, etc. The state code is attached to the county code. For example, Allegheny County, PA is 42003.

Geographic Information Systems Overview (Esri)

A geographic information system (GIS) is a framework for gathering, managing, and analyzing data. Rooted in the science of geography, GIS integrates many types of data.

It analyzes spatial location and organizes layers of information into visualizations using maps and 3D scenes. ​With this unique capability, GIS reveals deeper insights into data, such as patterns, relationships, and situations.

Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Query Form For The United States And Its Territories (USGS) 

Healthy People 2030

Healthy People 2020

Provider: Office of Disease Prevention & Health Promotion, US Department of Health & Human Services
Years available: 2020 to most current available
Geographic Level: State and National level data

  • Healthy People provides 10-year, measurable public health objectives — and tools to help track progress toward achieving them.

Classification of Diseases, Functioning, and Disability (CDC)

ICD-11 Online Lookup (World Health Organization)  

Medicare Severity Diagnosis Related Groups (MS-DRG) Classifications and Software 

Section 1886(d) of the Social Security Act specifies that a classification system (referred to as DRGs) be established for inpatient discharges and adjust payments under the IPPS based on appropriate weighting factors assigned to each DRG.

Kessner Index (PDF) (Los Angeles County Public Health)

The Kessner Index is a measure of adequacy of prenatal care based on the month when prenatal care began (which trimester), gestational age, and the number of prenatal visits.

Prenatal care is considered "adequate" if care begins in the first trimester with 9 or more visits over a 36 week or more pregnancy. Prenatal care is considered "intermediate" or includes 5 to 8 visits for a 36-week pregnancy. It is "inadequate" if it begins in the third trimester or includes 4 or fewer visits for a pregnancy of 34 or more weeks (Prenatal Care: Reaching Mothers, Reaching Infants. Institute of Medicine, 1988 ). Many organizations have stopped using it, but you may still see references to it in some of their documentation.